Archival Research
“Too Many Pigs for the Teats” – Elias Oxford’s Civil War Pension – Only Two Heirs and No Widow
“Too Many Pigs for the Teats” – Elias Oxford’s Civil War Pension – Only Two Heirs and No Widow

“There’s too many pigs for the teats“. – Abraham Lincoln

One year and one week to the day after the military burial of Private Elias Oxford of Company “H,” Twentieth Indiana Volunteer Regiment, John S. Oxford stood before an Illinois Justice of the Peace pleading his case for Elias’ Civil War Pension to go to his heirs, William and Emaline Oxford.  Elias’ eldest brother was guardian of the two children.  William, born in 1851, was the son from Elias’ first marriage to Charlotte “Francis” (GILBERT) OXFORD.  Emaline, born in 1854, was the daughter of Elias’ second wife, Electa Hannah (GOULD) OXFORD.  Both marriages had ended in divorce – the first in 1852 and the second in 1857.  The affidavit below is clearly John Oxford’s attempt to make it clear that Elias’ “other” son, Edwin R. Oxford, was not included in any Pension distribution.  Edwin was born to Francis 1 March 1853, a full year  after their 15 March 1852 divorce.  Francis would later sue for part of the Pension for Edwin, testifying that Edwin was conceived while Elias and she were living as common-law husband and wife during 1852-1853 following the divorce.  Those documents from Elias’ Pension file will be published here in the future.

[Page One]

State of Illinois

Iroquois County

On this 25th –day of May AD 1863

personally appeared, before me

a justice of the peace in and for the

County of Iroquois and State of

Illinois and by law authorized to

administer oaths for general

purposes, John S. Oxford Guardian

of William Oxford a minor aged

twelve years and Emaline Oxford

aged nine years, who being duly sworn

according to law declares that

he is aged forty eight years that he is

a resident of Iroquois County in the

State of Illinois and that he is the

Guardian of the above minor children

who are the only heirs of Elias Oxford

who was a private in the Company H

commanded by Captain Geisendorff

of the twentieth Regiment of Indiana

Volunteers commanded by Colonel

Brown, in the war of 1861

and that this declarant nor his wards

have in any way have engaged in or aided

or abetted the rebellion in the

United States and that the said

Elias Oxford enlisted at Tippacanoe

County in the State of Indiana

[Page Two]

on or about the xxxxxxx first of August in

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx  AD 1861 for the term

of three years and continued in

actual service in said war until

the time of his death and that said

Elias Oxford said Soldier died

at Washington in the District of

Columbia on or about the 19th day of

May AD 1862 and the cause of

his death was sickness from

exposure and disease engendered by

Camp life and while in the Service

of the United States, and that said

Elias Oxford said soldier left

no widow and no other heirs than

these alone named and that said

minors were entirely dependent

upon their father the said

Elias Oxford for their support

and that said Elias Oxford said

soldier died on the day above

named and the Guardian of

William Oxford & Emaline Oxford

makes this application for the

purpose of obtaining the pension

to which said children are entitled

by reason of the services and death

of their father under the Act of

[Page Three]

Congress approved July 14th 1862

and he hereby constitutes and

appoints S. G. Bovie of

Middleport Iroquois County

and State of Illinois his atty [sic]

in fact to prosecute the claim and

procure a certificate

John S. Oxford

Guardian of   William Oxford

Emaline Oxford

Sworn to and subscribed before

me the day and year first above

written and on the same day

personally came Thomas Emery [sic]

and Henry S. Van Curen [name appears as handwriting of Van Curen] residents

of Iroquois County and State of

Illinois persons whom I certify

to be respectable and entitled to

credit and who being by me duly

sworn according to law declare that

they are personally aquainted [sic]

with John S Oxford and say that

they were present and saw him sign

his name to the foregoing declaration

and were aquainted [sic] with Elias

Oxford before he entered the

service and are aquainted [sic] with

his children named by the above

declarant and that they are

the only children and heirs

[Page Four]

of said Elias Oxford said soldier

and that said Elias Oxford left

no widow and no other heirs

than those named by the declarant

that their knowledge of the identity

of the heirs and soldier is derived

from several years acquaintance

with said soldier and his

children and that he entered the

service and died as stated by the

declarant, And that from their

acquaintance [sic] with Elias Oxford

and the said children of his and

their personal acquaintance [sic]

with John S Oxford know that he

is the identical person he represents

himself to be, and said William

Oxford and Emaline Oxford are

the only heirs of said Elias Oxford

said soldier

Henry S. Van Curen

Thomas Emrey [sic]

Sworn to and subscribed before

Me, and I certify that I have no

Interest in this claim either

Direct or indirect nor am I concerned

In its prosecution

James H Rice JP

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